Blood Cancer Stages
Blood cancer is a malignant disease that affects and destroys the hematopoietic system. With blood cancer, uncontrolled division occurs, as well as the accumulation of leukocytes.
This reproduction can occur not only in the bone marrow but also in the blood passing through the periphery, as well as in the internal organs. As a result, the tumor initially grows in the bone marrow, and then replaces the “healthy” processes of blood formation.
It is necessary to distinguish the symptoms of leukemia at an early stage from the signs of a later stage. At the initial stage, the patient typically has the following symptoms:
- Painful sensations in the abdominal cavity, especially in its upper region;
- Soreness in the joints, which may be accompanied by “ache” in the bones;
- Frequent bleeding, which is quite difficult to stop;
- Forced formation of bruises or blood smudges;
- A significant increase in the size of not only the liver but also the lymph nodes;
- Constant weakness, lethargy and apathy;
- A condition resembling a fever;
- Frequent infectious diseases;
- Frequent urge to urinate.
The blood cancer 2 stage is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Sudden attacks of nausea, dizziness and even vomiting;
- Seasickness or motion sickness in any vehicle, even if there have never been such signs before;
- Active sweating at night;
- Rapid weight loss that occurs for no apparent reason.
After timely treatment, it can develop into the following stages:
- Remission – a decrease in or disappearance of signs and symptoms of cancer.
- Terminal stage – a disease that cannot be cured or adequately treated and is reasonably expected to result in the death of the patient.
At the blood cancer stage 3, the following symptoms appear:
- Lips and nails turn blue;
- Modifications of all levels of consciousness or an increased degree of anxiety. In this case, unconscious states can form for no reason, and there is also a lack of any reactions to external stimulation;
- Pain in the heart, tightness or significant pressure in the chest, palpitation (forced heartbeat with an irregular rhythm);
- Increased body temperature;
- An extremely high degree of frequency of heart muscle contractions (tachycardia);
- Dyspnea – dysfunction of the respiratory system, which is characterized by difficulty or hoarseness;
- Perceptible painful tremors in the abdominal cavity;
- Uncontrolled or sufficiently strong blood flow.
Usually, at this stage, the patient needs urgent hospitalization.
Blood cancer stage 4 occurs when cancer has spread to a distant part of the body outside of the lymphatic system, such as the spinal cord, lungs, or liver.
Thus, this stage is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Tumors of a malignant type that grow extremely fast;
- The occurrence of bone cancer (in any form);
- A rapidly growing lesion of formations with metastases of the lungs, bones, pancreas, brain area;
- Formations of an “extremely fatal” type, for example, pancreatic cancer.